Many common definitions of Jewish words
We collected here some common Jewish words. Every word is a symbol. There
are old symbols and new ones.
Shalom - Peace, use also as a greeting or farewell.
Torah - The first book of the three parts Jewish bible.
Assembled from 5 books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
Definitions of Jewish words - Torah books
Berreshit - Genesis. The Torah first book.
Shemmot - Exodus. The Torah second book.
Vayikra - Leviticus. The Torah third book
Bamidbar - Numbers. The Torah fourth book
Devarim - Deuteronomy. The Torah fifth book
Definitions of Jewish words - Jewish Holidays
Rosh Hashanah - New year holiday for the Jews
Yom Kippur - God signs Jewish
people destiny for the new year. Holy holiday
Sukkot - Booths, which were temporary dwellings for Israel
people when they exit Egypt. Also a Jewish holiday.
Simchat Tora - A holiday which symbols the end and start of
Chanukkah - A holiday which symbols the Hashmonaim
(Jewish leading family) victory on the Greeks 165 BC
Tu B'Shevat - A holiday. New Year celebration for the
Purim - A holiday. Jewish people living in Persia were saved
Pesach - Passover holiday. Israel people exit Egypt.
Lag B'Omer - A Holiday for Bar-Kokheva victory on the Roman
Empire in about 135 years to the Christian Counting.
Shavu'ot - A holiday. Symbols the 7 weeks from Egypt
exit until they got the Tora
Kadosh - Holy man.
Sabbath - Saturday. A day of rest for the Jewish people..
Kiddush - Blessing said over wine on the Sabbath
Israel - Country in the Middle East - Region extending from the
southeastern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean sea.
Shema Israel - One of the most common Jewish prayers. In the
prayer, the Jewish people pray that god will hear their prayers.
Kibbutz - Communal farm in Israel.
Moshav - Cooperative settlement in Israel.
Yerushallayim Shell Zahhav - Jerusalem of gold. One of the
beautiful songs in Hebrew for Jerusalem.
Hatikva - Israel's national anthem.
Hannavi - The prophet.
Chag - Feast, Holiday, Festival
Kippah - Yarmulke - Head covering
Talmud - A collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish
day life and rules.
Kabbalah - Jewish mystical doctrine.
Halacha - Jewish law that was determined through an exacting
process of metaphysical science, handed down from Sinai Torah.
Mikvah - A pool of natural water in which one bathes for the
restoration of virtual purity. In the orthodox way, every woman goes to the
Mikvah before she get married.
Definitions of Jewish words - Jewish Streams
Orthodox - Jewish stream which stayed with fearful
religious as way of life. The Orthodox stream didn't change anything from the
Torah. This is the Torah from Sinai and no human can change it. Many of them
were anti Zionism.
Reformist - Jewish reformists stream which accept the
Jews ethical commandment and reject the practical commandment that are not
suitable to 20 century. The bible is the main stream here and not the Talmud.
Conservative - The conservatives are Jewish stream and are
between the Orthodox and the Reformist. Their big issue is that there is a new
realty and there has to be a change in the Jews religious customs. One of their
change was woman and man sitting together and pray. The Conservatives
keep guard the Kashrut and the Sabbath as is. They also say that the practical
commandment are not relevant, but they want to keep some of them.
Alliah - Immigration. Jewish immigration to Israel.
Haifa - North city in Israel on the Carmel mountain,
near the sea.
Tel-Aviv - The most big city in Israel. In English the name
means "Spring Hill".
Jerusalem - Israel capital city.