Main Jewish immigration history America north-east
The Jewish immigration history America started in 1860. In this year 200,000
German Jews immigrated to USA. From 1882 to 1914, 2 million Jews immigrated
from eastern Europe to USA. The Jewish immigration in the years 1882-1914
changed the Jews history. It created new Jewish centers, decreased the
Jewish numbers in Europe and made new religious-culture trends in the Jewish
Jewish immigration history America reasons
The main reasons for the immigration to USA were:
1. The Russia anti-Semitism policy and the pogroms.
2. The desire to give the children better education and happy life.
3. USA dream - Freedom and Gold.
4. Modern vehicles like steam engines and trains.
5. Longing to immigrate that hold some of the Jews, sweep away the others.
Some Jews didn't want to immigrate. The orthodox Jews were afraid that they will
not be able to remain Jews and they will not be able to eat kosher food. Many
Jews thought that they must stay in Russia and fight for their rights. Others
thought that they betray they homeland Russia. Most of the Jews were for the
immigration. Even the educated Jews, that first were against the immigration,
joined and immigrated to USA.
Jewish immigration history America residence and work areas
Eastern Europe Jews streamed to the big trade cities in the north east land: New
York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore and to the middle west land: Chicago,
Cleveland, Detroit and Pittsburgh. In this way the Jews could keep their way of
life. There is no doubt that the will to stay together, live together
and keep in touch push them to the big cities.
In 1914, there were more than 1.5 million Jews in New York city. Why New
1. Eastern Europe Jews came to New York harbor and stayed there. Mainly in the
2. New York was the center of the dressing industry which was the Jews
3. In New York there was already a large Jewish community and they thought they
will get support.
In 1880 and along the 80's, 65% of the Jews were involved in the Dressing and
Why Dressing and Textile?
1. The Dressing branch was in times of revolution and it had many open jobs.
2. The Jews had knowledge in the textile industry
3. The whole family could work in the dressing field. In this way the family
connections reserved and there was no need to work on Saturdays.
Economical and social organizations
The economical and social state of the Jewish immigrants in the years 1880-1914
was better than the none Jewish immigrants. The Jews were known for their
organizations. They helped each other and got help from the old Jewish
community that came before them from Germany. There were local organization
which operated locally and took care for the poor. On the other side, there
were Jewish USA organizations. These organizations were economical, social
and political organizations. One of them was Bney Brit, which started to help
immigrants economically and then pressed the USA government to press the
Orthodox - This stream stayed with fearful religious as way of
life. The Orthodox stream didn't change anything from the Torah. This is the
Torah from Sinai and no human can change it. Many of them were anti Zionism.
Reformist - The reformists accept the Jews ethical commandment
and reject the practical commandment that are not suitable to 20 century. The
bible is the main stream here and not the Talmud.
Conservative - The conservatives are between the Orthodox and
the Reformist. Their big issue is that there is a new realty and there has to
be a change in the Jews religious customs. One of their change was woman and
man sitting together and pray. The Conservatives keep guard the
Kashrut and the Sabbath as is. They also say that the practical commandment are
not relevant, but they want to keep some of them.